What Is An Abfraction?
by: Dental Assistant Team
What Are Abfractions?
Abfractions is a term we use a lot in dentistry, and refers to small notches, generally located located just above the gum line, although in some severe cases can be found below the gum line. These notches can be so sharp that your fingernail could lodge itself in them!
For many years , abfractions were thought to be caused by brushing the teeth too hard. That is, until researchers realized that abfractions are also found on the inside of the mouth, on the front teeth… not the place any of us brush so hard. It impossible to cause such sharp edges in the teeth or anywhere with a soft bristle tooth brush! Further research led to the conclusion that these notches are caused by the teeth flexing and bending due to the forces applied to them during biting, causing the enamel to chip away.
We find that most people with abfractions have interference in their bite, grind their teeth at night, or clench their jaw tightly. Teeth are not meant to bent laterally, and the force applied when grinding or applying an overt amount of pressure cause the enamel to chip, which cause these little grooves.
TREATMENT OF ABFRACTIONS
To treat abfractions, we first determine the root cause of the problem. Once we do so, a corrective measure generally includes bite equilibration (a technique used to gain an even bite in a habitual or centric related position to remove any bite contacts that are prematurily contacting during jaw closure.) Additionally, a custom-fitted night guard is among the most efficient ways to stop the progression of this condition
As for fixing the notches, we can bond these grooves, taking care to match your natural tooth color. This will give your teeth a youthful, healthy look and will prevent root decay, provided you continue proper home care and have regular check-ups.
If you’re concerned that you may have abfractions and want to prevent the problem from getting out of hand, click here to contact us!
If you have any questions regarding this post, contact us at: 561-265-1998 , one of our representatives will be happy to assist you.
Article date: Mar. 12 2014
Type: Choosing A Dentist
Location: Delray Beach - Palm Beach County